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Discrete CollectionsPolitics, economics and social science collections
TitleIrish Poor Law Records
Ref NoCOLL MISC 0511
Extent1 box and 2 volumes
Admin Biographical HistoryPrior to 1834 Ireland did not have any kind of poor law system. Outdoor relief was provided through local parochial (Church of Ireland) boards. The Poor Law Act of 1834 divided Ireland into poor law unions. Each union was to have an elected Board of Guardians. The Board was responsible for building and administering workhouses and providing further care for the poor within its bounds. An Irish poor law union consisted of an area approximately ten miles in radius. Multiple townlands, usually with a large market town as its centre were found in each union. Although most unions were located within one county, some encompassed up to three counties. Large cities contained their own unions. By 1842, 37 workhouses were operation. In that year alone, more than 30,000 people sought relief. By 1846 there were 130 Irish poor unions housing 94,437 destitute people in its workhouses.
DescriptionVolume 1. Westport Union, minute book of the Board of Guardians, 1840-46.
Volume 2. Westport Union, minute book (weekly returns of paupers, accounts, etc.), 1846-47.
Volume 3.Castlebar Union, minute book of the Board of Guardians 1845-47.
Volume 4. Castlebar Union, minute book of the Board of Guardians 1847-48.
Volume 5. Poor law charges book. (No locality given but note on end paper 'Cork') 1814-23.
Volume 6. General account of expenditure at the House of Industry, Cork, 1807-13.
Access StatusOpen
Copyright TypeCopyright holder unknown
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