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Discrete CollectionsThe Women's Library
TitleRecords of the Scottish Women's Hospitals
Ref No2SWH
Box Fetch NoBox 01-09
LevelCollection
Date1914-1919
Extent9 A boxes
Admin Biographical HistoryThe Scottish Women's Hospitals for Foreign Service (1914-1919) was part of the suffrage response to the First World War. At the outbreak of the First World War, a large number of the existing suffrage societies put their administrative skills at the disposal of the war effort. The Scottish Federation of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies, at the suggestion of Dr Elsie Inglis, put forward the idea of female medical units to serve on the front line. The War Office rejected the idea, but nonetheless private donations, the fundraising of local societies and the support of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies financed a number of units staffed entirely by women. The organisation's headquarters were in Edinburgh throughout the war, with committees also in Glasgow and London, working closely with the London office of the Croix Rouge Francaise. The Fawcett Society was particularly involved with the London Unit of the Scottish Women's Hospitals. The first unit mobilised established a 200 bed Auxiliary Hospital at Royaumont Abbey in Dec 1914. In Apr 1915, Dr Inglis herself was at the head of a unit based in Serbia. By Jun 1915 Scottish Women's Hospital had responsibility for more than 1,000 beds with 250 staff including 19 women doctors. The Austrian offensive of that summer led to their camps being overrun and a number of the staff including Inglis herself being taken prisoner, only to be released after negotiations. By the end of the war there were fourteen Scottish Women's Hospitals in France, Serbia, Russia, Salonica and Macedonia. Inglis herself was ill with cancer by 1917 while working in Russia. She and her unit were part of the retreat of forces to Archangel and she was evacuated to Newcastle on the 25 Nov 1919 of that year, only to die the following day. The Scottish Women's Hospitals work continued until the end of the war.
DescriptionThe archive consists of the records of the London Committee of the Scottish Women's Hospitals (SWH) re their work during the First World War: authorisations, correspondence, staff files, circular letters, telegrams, postcards, photographs, statements of accounts, balance sheets, cheques and counterfoils, reports, lecture notes, lists of donors.

The London Committee of the SWH was set up as a subcommittee of the London Society for Women's Suffrage executive committee, initially for the vetting of potential volunteers in the south of the country, and then for facilitating travel of staff to the Continent. As time went on it acquired some independence from the headquarters in Edinburgh, being responsible for the upkeep of the London Ward at the Abbaye of Royaumont, and also for the Russo-Serbian units led by Dr Elsie Inglis and Mrs Haverfield. For this reason the archive includes a number of manuscript reports written from Serbia by Elsie Inglis in 1917.
Related MaterialThe Women's Library also holds the Papers of Elsie Bowerman (7ELB); the Papers of Vera (Jack) Holme (7VJH); a Scrapbook [relating to the Scottish Women's Hospital] (10/22). The Women's Library Museum Collection holds postcards and photographs related to the Scottish Women's Hospital and of several of the women who served. Similarly the Printed Collections holds additional material such as 'The Scottish Women's Hospital at the French Abbey of Royaumont' by Antonio de Navarro (1917); 'The Little grey partridge : First World War diary of Ishobel Ross who served with the Scottish Women's Hospital Unit in Serbia' introduced by Jess Dixon (1988) as well as biographies of individuals such as 'Dr Elsie Inglis' by Lady Frances Balfour (1918)

The Mitchell Library, Glasgow holds letters and reports of Elsie Inglis as well as correspondence, financial records, subscriptions, personnel files and various committee minutes created by the Scottish Headquarters, as well as reports from overseas units. There is also considerable additional material about the Scottish Women's Hospitals in the Women's Work Collection at the Imperial War Museum; the museum also holds many photographs. Additional SWH members' materials are held in various archives: memoirs of Katherine North née Hodges are in the Leeds Russian Archive; the journals of Mary Lee Milne are held by the National Library of Scotland; papers of Lilas Grant and Ethel Moir are in the Edinburgh Central Library; the Lothian Health archives hold the letters of Yvonne Fitzroy; a Photograph album relating to the Scottish Women's Hospital in Salonika, 1907-1918 (ref RCPSG 74) is held at the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow and the Schleisinger Library, Harvard University holds the papers of Ruth Holden. The Public Record Office of Northern Ireland also holds papers of the Scottish Women's Hospitals in Serbia papers D1982. The National Library of Scotland holds film footage of a Scottish Women's Hospitals unit in action, 1917, ref 0035.
Related Record7VJH
10/22
7ELB
Access StatusOpen
Access ConditionsThis collection is available for research. Readers are advised to contact The Women's Library @ LSE in advance of their first visit.
Former Reference NumberA-E; FL304-309
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