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Discrete CollectionsThe Women's Library
TitleNeale, Mrs Elizabeth
Ref No8SUF/B/077
Box Fetch NoBox 1: Disc 17
Date21 Mar 1976
Extent51:30 mins
Admin Biographical HistorySee biographies for GFW Neale and Margaret Wintringham
DescriptionInterview took place at The Old Farm House, Searby, Lincolnshire. Interviewee is the niece of Mrs Wintringham. Also see other interviews related to Wintringham [8SUF/B/086 and 8SUF/B/087, 8SUF/B/105, 8SUF/B/112].

Interview summary:

0:00 mins:
Seeing a lot of her uncle, Tom Wintringham, in Lincolnshire as she grew up. The different occupations of her family, her grandfather a powerful figure in Grimsby. Tom Wintringham meeting Margaret Longbottom, his future wife, at Sunday school. Class difference between Tom and Margaret. How Margaret adapted to life in North Lincolnshire. Her appearance, attitude to children, morality. Margaret's personality, her ability to deal with hecklers during political campaigns. Her role in the Women's Institute (WI). Importance of the WI in the area. Margaret's local popularity, her speaking style. Changing organisation of the WI as transport improved. Role of the WI in women's lives, extended their outlook, introduced opportunities.

15:00 mins:
Margaret a county organiser in the WI for 20 years. WI gave her speaking experience before she became an MP. Her interest in schools. Margaret a well-known public figure in a non-political way. Her involvement in non-militant suffrage, her belief that reason would prevail in terms of women's rights. Her first electoral campaign, sitting silently whilst other people spoke for her. Her personal following, her nervousness before a campaign. Margaret a teetotaller in the temperance movement. Lived in Little Grimsby whilst she was an MP. Once Margaret left Parliament in 1924 she continued with county council work, moved nearer to Lincoln, and then to Lincoln itself. Her anger over her defeat in 1924, her subsequent defeats. Her life at Tealby. The issues she focused on in Parliament; young people's movements, playschools and nursery schools. Her friendship with Nancy Astor, their shared interest in temperance, young people and women's rights.

30:00 mins:
Margaret's enjoyment of Parliament. The way she spoke to people, her good speaking voice. Her role as a county councillor. Her role during the Second World War on an agricultural sub-committee and as the director of the Women's Land Army in Lincolnshire. Margaret not an intellectual, not interested in the arts, a practical person. Nancy Astor's influence on Margaret becoming a Christian Scientist. Her ability to speak for a cross-section of ordinary women. Her fondness for small children, her great interest in women's rights. Her attitude to men and ability to argue cheerfully and amusingly with them. Her opinion of London. The kinds of houses Margaret lived in, her interest in gardening and distaste for domestic work, her death in a Christian Science home.

45:00 mins:
Margaret travelled to Russia with Nancy Astor. Christian Science. Strong position of Liberalism in the Grimsby area. Her family either Wesleyans or Congregationalists. Details of the family's different religions, her religious upbringing. Margaret an urban person, but adjustable, which enabled her to have the career she had. Margaret very kind and hospitable, had many intelligent friends. Her friendship with Gwendolen Maclean, who stayed with her when her son Donald Maclean defected. Margaret a family person. She had her own circle after her husband died.

Interview stops at 11.30, restarts at 11.50.
Related Record8SUF/B/086
Access StatusOpen
Access ConditionsInterview recordings are available online and can be accessed at the link provided in this record.
Former Reference NumberTape 24
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