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Discrete CollectionsThe Women's Library
TitleNoel-Baker, Right Honourable Philip
Ref No8SUF/B/150
Box Fetch NoBox 1: Disc 31
Date26 Apr 1977
Extent47:21 mins
Admin Biographical HistorySee biographies for Philip Noel-Baker and Courtney; Dame; Kathleen D'Olier (1878-1974); internationalist and feminist
DescriptionInterview took place at 16 Eaton Place, London SW1.

Interview summary:
0:00 mins:
Strength and political influence of the League of Nations Union (LNU). Dame Adelaide Livingstone's role in organising the Peace Ballot of 1934-1935. Women's contribution to LNU as branch secretaries and committee members. General organisation of the Peace Ballot and assistance of Regional Labour Party organisers, Liberal Party, Co-operative Movement and some Conservatives, including Sir John Power and Lord Queensborough. Role of Cosmo Lang, Archbishop of Canterbury in securing support from churches. Work of canvassers in delivering and collecting Peace Ballot papers. Nancy Bell's role in organising the Ballot. Courtney's work in co-ordinating the lobbying activities of women's organisations at the World Disarmament Conference in Geneva in 1932, including the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, the American League of Women Voters, the Townswomen's Guilds and the Women's Co-operative Guild. Organises the Petition presented by women's organisations to delegates at the Conference.

15:00 mins:
Contribution to work of United Nations Association (UNA) after the Second World War. Disruptive role of Peggy Crane on the UNA Executive. Strong dislike of Communism. Reasons why many young people turned Communist in 1930s. Strength of popular support for military sanctions against Mussolini over Abyssinia as expressed in the Peace Ballot. Betrayal of National Government over Hoare-Laval Agreement.

30:00 mins:
Public protest against the Hoare-Laval Agreement at a meeting in Coventry. Infiltration by Communists of the youth wing of the LNU led by Nancy Bell. Courtney's skilful manner on committees and her strengths as Chair of UNA Executive. Problem of deafness towards the end of her life. Public speaking skills into old age. Speaks aged ninety at a commemorative meeting marking the passage of the Fourth Reform Act, sharing a platform with Harold Wilson, Ted Heath and Jo Grimmond. Frustrated by increasing physical frailty. Remained effective in UNA meetings into old age, especially on the Disarmament Sub-Committee, where she opposed Peggy Crane. Chairing skills and role in co-ordinating women's organisations in Geneva. Close friendship between Lytton and Lord Robert Cecil. Maude Royden's fine preaching. Women's natural affinity with internationalism and peace. Megan Lloyd George's support of the Peace Ballot proposal on the LNU Executive. How the LNU had a colony of prominent supporters in the Kensington/ Belgravia area between the wars.

45:00 mins:
Origins of the Peace Ballot scheme in local newspaper ballot.
Access StatusOpen
Access ConditionsInterview recordings are available online and can be accessed at the link provided in this record.
Former Reference NumberTape 56
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