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Discrete CollectionsPolitics, economics and social science collections
TitleDalton; Edward Hugh John Neale (1887-1962); Baron Dalton; politician
Ref NoDALTON
LevelCollection
Date1916-1964
Extent44 boxes
Admin Biographical HistoryHugh Dalton was educated at Eton and King's College, Cambridge. He won the Winchester Reading Prize at Cambridge in 1909 and the Hutchinson Research studentship at LSE 1911 - 1913. He became a Barrister-at-law in 1914, and it was also in this year that he married Ruth Fox.
During World War I, Dalton served in the RASC and the Royal Artillery in France and Italy, and was attached to the Ministry of Labour for special investigations in 1919. After the war he returned to a career in economics. He became a lecturer at LSE in 1919, Sir Ernest Cassel Reader in Commerce at the University of London, 1920 - 1925, and a Reader in Economics at the University of London, 1925 - 1936.
He entered politics in 1924, becoming the Labour MP for Peckham 1924 - 1929, and Bishop Auckland 1929 - 1931 and 1935 - 1959. He became Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs 1929-1931, Chairman of Labour Party National Executive Committee 1936 - 1937, Minister of Economic Warfare 1940 - 1942, President of the Board of Trade 1942 - 1945, Chancellor of the Exchequer 1945 - 1947, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1948 - 1950 and Minister of Town and Country Planning 1950 - 1951. He was created Baron Dalton of Forest and Frith in 1960.
Custodial HistoryNone
DescriptionThe Dalton papers consist of diaries, correspondence, speeches, personal papers, photographs and printed material, covering subjects such as foreign policy (particularly Anglo-German relations and the progress of the Second World War), economic reform, political and Labour Party issues, defence policy and production, Dalton's honours and offices (including his posts in the Foreign Office, the Special Operations Executive, the Ministry of Economic Warfare, the Board of Trade and the Treasury). There are also annotated copies of Hansard and various Labour Party pamphlets.
Publication Note'The Political Diary of Hugh Dalton 1918-40, 1945-60' ed. Ben Pimlott, Jonathan Cape, 1986.
'The Second World War Diary of Hugh Dalton 1940-45' ed. Ben Pimlott, Jonathan Cape, 1986.
Access StatusOpen
Access ConditionsSome confidential passages in the diary, relating to persons still alive, are closed.
At some point in the late 1960s/early 1970s some of the SOE material in the collection was stolen. The Library was able to get photocopies of some of the missing material from researchers who had used the collection previously and these photocopies have been added to the remaining SOE material.
Copyright TypeCopyright is held by the Library
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