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Discrete CollectionsPolitics, economics and social science collections
TitleEuropean Nuclear Disarmament
Extent89 boxes
Admin Biographical HistoryAn Appeal for European Nuclear Disarmament by E P Thompson, Ken Coates (of the Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation), Professor Mary Kaldor and others was published in early 1980. Its major aim was to mobilise public opinion to campaign for a non-aligned and nuclear free Europe 'from Poland to Portugal'.

Structurally, END's main body was its Coordinating Committee. It also had a number of 'lateral committees', including on higher education, churches, trades unions and parliamentarians.

Among its many publications were its bi-monthly END journal, books, newsletters and pamphlets.

To emphasise its commitment to a Europe-wide campaign, END developed links with Eastern European peace groups and activists. END activists visited their counterparts in Eastern Europe; issued statements in support of their activities; publicised government attempts to suppress them; published pamphlets on what was happening in Eastern Europe; and, supported the struggle for political freedom in Eastern Europe.

END was a member of the Liaison Committee - an organisation of 50 pressure groups from across Europe which arranged END Conventions. Following a 'consultation' in Rome in November 1981 the conventions occurred annually: in Brussels in 1982, West Berlin (1983), Perugia (1984), Amsterdam (1985), Paris (1986), Coventry (1987), Lund (1988), Vitoria-Gasteiz (1989), Helsinki/Tallinn (1990); Moscow (1991); Brussels (1992) and Barcelona (1993). Apart from the opportunity for networking, the Conventions included public meetings, round-table discussions, debates, films, cultural events and workshops.

In 1990, leading members of END (and other organisations) formed European Dialogue, a pressure group promoting peace, democracy, social justice and environmental responsibility.

For further information see Patrick Burke's thesis, "European Nuclear Disarmament: a study of transnational social movement strategy" (University of Westminster, June 2004):
DescriptionPapers of European Nuclear Disarmament, including:
Coordinating Committee records.
Papers regarding END Conventions and other events.
Documents regarding END's work with organisations and activists in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.
Campaign papers.
Administrative papers.
Publicity, including mailings, press releases, newsletters and leaflets.
Memos from E P Thompson and Mary Kaldor.
Papers regarding peace issues, activists and organisations in Europe and throughout the world.
Papers of END Chairperson, Lynne Jones.
Issues of the END Bulletin and END Journal.
Some of the papers have been annotated by the depositor, Patrick Burke.

Also a subsequent accession of papers relating to the END Hungary Working Group, deposited 2011.
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