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Discrete CollectionsHall-Carpenter Archives
TitleAlbany Trust
Ref NoHCA/ALBANY TRUST
LevelCollection
Date1958-1991
Extent119 boxes
Admin Biographical HistoryThe history of the Albany Trust is inextricably linked with that of the Homosexual Law Reform Society or HLRS. The HLRS was founded in May 1958 following the recommendation of the Wolfenden Report that homosexual behaviour between consenting adults in private should no longer be a criminal offence. Its first Chairman was Kenneth Walker (succeeded by Cecil Hewitt Rolph in 1964), and its first Secretary the Revd Andrew Hallidie Smith. The work of the HLRS was undertaken by a small working group liaising with an honorary committee. The first public meeting was held on 12 May 1960 at Caxton Hall, and culminated with a vote in favour of reform, resulting in a letter to the Home Office. This was closely followed by a parliamentary debate in June 1960. The Society was reconstituted in 1970 as the Sexual Law Reform Society in order to campaign for further legal changes, particularly relating to the age of consent.
The Albany Trust was founded as a registered charity in May 1958 as a complimentary organisation to the HLRS with a remit 'to promote psychological health in men by collecting data and conducting research: to publish the results thereof by writing, films, lectures and other media: to take suitable steps based thereon for the public benefit to improve the social and general conditions necessary for such healthy psychological development'. The founding Trustees were Anthony Edward Dyson, Jacquetta Hawkes, Kenneth Walker, Andrew Hallidie Smith, and Ambrose Appelbe. The Albany Trust developed into a pioneering counselling and investigating organisation for gay men, lesbians and sexual minorities. It published a journal Man and Society from 1961-1973, and a newsletter entitled Spectrum from 1963-1970, as well as a series of pamphlets. It also provided speakers for numerous organisations and established a network of counsellors. Antony Grey became the Acting Secretary of both HLRS and the Albany Trust in 1962. The funds raised and donated for the work of the Albany Trust allowed it to finance office space and staff. These same facilities were then available for the campaigning work of the Homosexual Law Reform Society (HLRS). Following the Sexual Offences Act of 1967, which decriminalised adult homosexual relationships, the Albany Trust became primarily an educational and counselling organisation. Due to an increasing volume of casework, a social caseworker was appointed in 1967, and the Trust was increasingly involved in the training of youth workers and the development of sex education. From 1976 to 1979 a full-time youth officer was employed. A field officer appointed from 1975 to 1980 investigated the Trust's links with social workers and counsellors throughout the country.
The Albany Trust remains active today promoting psychosexual health through counselling, education and research.
The Albany Society Ltd was founded in 1968 as a charitable limited company to deal with the commercial side of the Trust's operations. In 1988 it simplified its name to the Albany Society.
DescriptionPapers of the Albany Trust, 1950-1984, relating to its counselling and research work with homosexuals, lesbians and sexual minorities, notably Annual Report material, 1968-1970; minutes and papers of Trustees Meetings, 1975-1977; correspondence, reports and papers, 1966-1967, mainly relating to the early days of the Trust and the passing of the Sexual Offences Act (1967); minutes and reports of the Management Committee, 1977-1979, the Publicity Committee, 1963-1970, and the Development Committee, 1967-1968; working files for the newsletters and journals produced by the Trust, 1963-1977, including Spectrum and Man and Society; outgoing correspondence files, 1963-1978, mainly comprising personal enquiries and material relating to government legislation; general correspondence files, 1960-1983, notably relating to members of parliament, clergy, the media, the police, the Sexual Offences Bill, homosexuality, transsexuality and transvestism, youth welfare, and counselling; correspondence relating to counselling referrals, 1968-1976; financial papers, 1964-1984, including documents concerning fundraising and donations; material relating to surveys and research into sexuality, 1960-1983, notably psychosexual treatment, social needs and organisation, homosexual liaisons and legal cases; papers relating to seminars, conferences, and courses, 1963-1982; reports, papers and fictional works by various authors, 1950-1983, mainly concerning gay issues; pamphlets and leaflets collected by the Albany Trust, 1959-1978; material collected by the Trust relating to links with other organisations, 1964-1984, mainly charities, research groups, academic associations and foundations, campaigns and counselling agencies; files of the Albany Trust's resident social worker, 1964-1978, including correspondence, case analysis and subject files; papers of the Albany Trust's Youth Officer, 1976-1979, including administrative papers, correspondence with youth associations throughout the country and papers relating to training courses for youth workers; papers of the Albany Trust's Field Officer, 1965-1980, mainly comprising administrative papers and correspondence with counsellors and social workers throughout Britain; publications, 1962-1979, including details of talks given by Antony Grey throughout the country.
Papers of the Homosexual Law Reform Society (later the Sexual Law Reform Society), 1959-1982, including Annual Reports, 1963-1967; financial papers, 1961-1982; Executive Committee papers, 1964-1975, including minutes, 1963-1970, reports on fundraising and cooperative projects and memoranda on homosexuality and law reform; general correspondence, 1963-1974, relating to the Sexual Offences Bill (1967), discussion groups, the HLRS Honorary Committee, and law reform; material relating to HLRS campaigns, 1959-1970; papers concerning the constitution of the Sexual Law Reform Society, including minutes of the Executive Committee and working party reports, 1974-1976; papers of the SLRS Working Party, 1970-1976, comprising minutes, correspondence, press releases, conference papers, research proposals and reports.
Access StatusMainly open; some items closed
Access ConditionsSome confidential files are closed. These are marked in the record and on the file. Most closed files have not been indexed by personal name.
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